Software quality assurance engineering is a useful process to check quality in software products and improve efficiency. SQA has two testing principles, one is manual testing and the other automated testing; both play a vital role in Software testing. Automation testing is fast in comparison to manual testing. Software testing has its own life cycle called Software testing life cycle (STLC).
STLC is defining a set of activities for performing software testing. It is not only just a single or simple activity. It consists of a series of activities such as functional and non-functional techniques, documentation, and procedure for the analysis carried out to help improve and certify your software product. STLC consists of six phases, each phase plays a significant role to assure the quality of the software product.
Below are the phases of the software testing life cycle:
· Requirement Analysis
· Planning of testing
· Test design
· Setup of a test environment
· Execution of test cases
· Closure Test
During this phase, QA/test team mediates the requirements from the testing perspective to identify testable requirements. The QA/test team may interact and coordinate with other stakeholders (Client, Business Analyst, Technical leads, Team leads, System Architect, Software Architect, Project managers, etc) to understand the requirements in detail. This phase serves to identify whether the requirements are testable or not. If any requirement is not suitable for software testing, test team communicates to other stakeholders. Requirements could either be functional (defining what the software must do) or non-functional (defining load time, output time, system performance, etc).
Planning of test is the first step of the QA/testing process. In this phase typically the test lead/manager or test architect involves cost estimation and determining the effort of the entire project. Test plan preparation will be done based on the requirement specification. Finalize activities like planning roles and responsibilities, tool selection (if automation testing involves), training requirement, checkpoints, etc.
In this phase, QA/test team starts with test case development activity here. Test team prepares and manages test cases, test scenarios, test scripts (if automation testing involves) and testing data. Once the test cases are ready then these test cases are reviewed by test managers or test lead/team leads. In the test design way, test team prepares the Requirement Traceability Matrix (RTM). The RTM traces test cases needed to verify the requirements are fulfilled.
Test environment decides the software and hardware conditions under which a work Software product is tested in this phase. These phases often start with test design. Some cases the QA/test team may not be involved in this phase. Software developer team or client/customer provides the test environment.
Test team starts execution the test cases supported the planned test cases. After the test case results pass or fail then an equivalent should be updated in the test cases. Defect report should be ready for failing test cases and should be reportable to the development team through a bug tracking tool.
The final step wherever we tend to prepare test Closure Report, test Metrics. The testing team will be called out for a meeting to gauge cycle completion criteria based on test coverage, Quality, Time, Cost, Software, Business objectives. Test team analyses the test artifacts (such as test cases, Defect reports, etc.) to identify methods that have to be enforced in future, which can facilitate to remove method bottlenecks in the upcoming projects.
Software testing training is available on the internet for an online perspective. There are several resources on the internet to provide software testing training. QA Training USA is one of them who provide software testing training QA testing online training and also provide job placement in New York. They provide complete training in software quality assurance, the topic covered automation testing, manual testing, testing fundamentals, STLC, etc. Their aim is to provide the best quality training for future endeavors.